ON THE FARM : THE TURN OUT
|The Turn Out
For those that missed The Formative Months, we repeat the following paragraph:
At 12-14 months we move the greyhounds inside an 18' x 36' kennel room to simulate the lifestyle at a racetrack. The litter is back together again, but with two or three other litter groups. Each greyhound is housed in a wire crate that is 32" wide, 44" deep, and 34" high. The wire crates are stacked one row above the other. Females are taught to jump into the upper crates. A greyhound's crate is its kingdom; it is their retreat to safety and security. They want inside their crate. The greyhounds sleep on shredded computer paper that contains no staples or other objects. (We tried shredded newspaper but the ink stained their coats.) The kennel room is air conditioned. The greyhounds are "turned-out" four times per day for 45-60 minutes per turn-out. We have two turn-out pens. Each pen is 30' x 30'. The greyhounds are muzzled as they are turned-out. During turn-out, we fluff or change the paper in the crates, clean as necessary, and sweep the floor. If only one person is working turn-out, they constantly listen for any disturbance from the dogs. If two people are working turn-out, one person stays in the pen with the dogs. Life in the turn-out pen can be boring at times, or it can be extremely active. We must scoop the poop, change the water bucket, observe the dogs, and keep order. We pay particular attention to the condition of a dog's stool; the stool will usually tell us whether the food is proper, whether a dog is sick, whether a dog has tapeworms, or just generally whether something is wrong. Keeping order can be a challenge. Imagine 20-30 dogs together in close proximity of each other. Personalities of the greyhounds can vary to extremes."
We turn-out at 7 AM, 11 AM, 4 PM, and 9 PM. We do not need a clock, some greyhounds in the kennel room will start barking and howling within 5 minutes of the exact turn-out time. We will describe a 9 PM turn-out with two people (wife and husband again) working turn-out. Wife works inside, husband works outside. Both help the greyhounds out of the crates at beginning of turn-out, and both help put up the greyhounds at the end of turn-out.
We enter the kennel room and flip on the light switch. Some greyhounds are up and barking, some are excited, some are getting up and stretching, some are sound asleep. As we enter the kennel room we start talking to the greyhounds. We move swiftly to get the greyhounds out of the crates before some urinate (Young pups new to the kennel process take several days to adjust). Wife is more experienced at the smooth motions of unsnapping the muzzle, opening the crate door, placing the muzzle exactly on the greyhound's moving nose, and assisting the greyhound out of the crate. Husband is no slouch, and he is constantly trying to get more greyhounds out in a given time period than wife. When one assists a female greyhound from the upper crate, they must hold the collar and steady the female as she jumps to the floor. As we work, sentences come rolling out-- songs, rhymes, baby-talk, silly stuff, serious stuff. " Does Toot-Toot wanta go outside." "Well the race is on and here comes Marthie up the backstretch...." "Come on G-Man, get up, time to go." "Doozie, you leave the light switch alone." "Big Josh is daddy's boy, isn't he." "Oh, Little Annie looks so cute with her bridal veil." "DandyLion, you turkey, stay off Mommy's back." "Chantilly's soooo pretty." "Bounty, don' you p--s on the garbage can." "Tigerman, you leave Sarah alone." "Good Golly Miss Molly, you sure look good to me." '"OK Hack, hold your horses." "Go Joe, Oh Joe, No Joe, Whoa Joe." "Bounty! Stop p--sing on that garbage can!"
We know in advance which greyhounds go to the main turn-out pen and which go to the second pen. Most go to the main pen. The second pen may be used for hurt dogs, ones that get picked on, pets, stud dogs, or mean dogs-- depending on the situation at the time. We also know the order of greyhounds we take out of the crates. We usually let out the few greyhounds intended for the second pen out first. As the majority of greyhounds are taken out of the crates, they bunch up in the kennel room waiting for us to open the door. Anticipation builds-- tails wag, ears go up, prancing begins, and glances occur from the greyhounds to the humans then back to the door. Group hierarchy sets in, some crowd to the front, some start muzzling the others, some start lifting their neck and head over others, some run back and forth. Husband crowds to the side of the door, flips on the outside lights, reaches for, and turns the door-knob. Bam, the door flies open and bounces against the outside wall. Greyhounds scatter in the turn-out pen. Husband steps outside, calls for one or two greyhounds that want to stay and play with Mommy (wife), and shuts the door behind him. Wife stays inside.
Inside the kennel room, wife starts working the crates. The bottom of each crate has a plywood floor with a 3/4" hard rubber mat on top of the plywood. Shredded computer paper on top of the rubber mat makes a soft bed on which the greyhounds lay and sleep. Wife opens each crate door and turns the shredded paper. Wife then uses a brush to sweep out the fine dust-like paper from each crate. The shredded paper is then fluffed to make a nice bed. In the process, it is obvious if a greyhound has urinated in the crate. If so, all the shredded paper is pulled out into a 30 gallon garbage can. The rubber mat is removed, sprayed with a lemon scented cleaner, wiped dry with paper towels, and placed back into the crate. New shredded paper is placed in the crate. About once per week shredded paper is replaced in all crates. Wife continues until all crates are complete. Some crates may have a small water container that fits inside, if so, wife changes the water. In the summertime, wife changes the washable filter in the air conditioner. Wife mops up after Bounty. Wife then sweeps the floor. The kennel room is now ready for the greyhounds to return. If things go well and not too many have urinated in their crate, wife has time to join the group in the turnout pen.
The main turn-out pen is 30' x 30'. It is bordered on three sides by a 3' high cinder block wall with a 3' high chain link fence on top of the cinder block wall. There is a gate to the adjacent turn-out pen and a gate to an adjacent driveway. Of course the building wall with the door to the kennel room comprises the fourth side. A concrete pad is located at the door entrance. The building roof overhangs the pen by about 6'. A 4 gallon water bucket is suspended by a chain from a roof beam. Outdoor spotlights mounted beneath the roof overhang illuminates the pen. An outside water faucet has a 25' water hose attached that is wrapped around a bracket. The bottom of the turn-out pen is covered completely with 1-2' of sand. A buried underdrain pipe allows rainwater to escape. A fake fire hydrant and an upside-down bucket are positioned in the sand. Next to the driveway gate is a 5 gallon poop bucket with a tight lid that gets emptied each day (pray tell). The poop rake and scoop pan are against the wall just outside the kennel room door.
Husband shuts the kennel room door behind him as the greyhounds first bolt to their favorite spots in the turn-out pen. Most young male greyhounds do not cock their leg, instead they slightly spread their rear feet, stretch forward, and let go. If timing is just right as husband first steps out the door, it is amusing to see twenty-some greyhounds frozen in a squatting or spread position and forty-some eyeballs reflecting back into the outside lights. Husband immediately reaches for the handles of the poop rake and scoop pan. A professional is about to spring into action.
After most greyhounds squat or spread, they start milling around and interacting with each other. Right away, some start number 2, or pooping ( 9 PM turn-out is about 11-12 hours after the morning feeding and is when most do number 2). Now this is kind of a private subject, but it is a very necessary part of turn-out. It is also one of the first signs if something is wrong. Some go straight to their favorite spot and get right down to it. Others take a while-- they have to walk around and interact with others before the urge hits them. Some pace back and forth, back and forth, until they build up the urge. Most have a favorite location at the far side, or corner of the pen. As this activity commences, husband starts into action. The object is to quickly scoop the poop for two reasons-- first to keep the pen clean so that greyhounds will not be tracking in it and so that succeeding dogs will have a spot to go, and secondly to deny the poop eaters the opportunity for a snack (yuck!). Yes, there are usually 2 to 4 poop eaters in the crowd. Husband has refined the skill and proper technique of scooping poop. Husband has also refined advanced techniques for different type stools, but we will limit this discussion to the basic technique for firm stools. Remember the bottom of the pen is sand. Now, one must take the leaf type rake and hook the corner leaf of the rake underneath the balance point of the object, and with a twist of the wrist, gently lift and turn the object into the scoop pan-- this technique helps prevent the accumulation of sand build-up in both the scoop pan and later in the poop bucket (a 5 gal. bucket full of poop and sand is a heavy lift). Husband moves swiftly across the pen, skillfully accumulating a pan full of poop. As he moves in and out, back and forth, husband constantly watches out of the corner of his eye for new activity. Sometimes the resulting accumulation gets ahead of him and the poop eaters start glancing at him to see their best opportunity. It is a "dog and mouse" game between poop eaters and husband. Husband is no dummy though, he knows which greyhounds are sneaking in behind his traveled path. Often he will reverse his path and surprise those looking for a snack. When the scoop pan is full, husband has to hurriedly walk to the poop bucket, hold his breath, pop the lid, keep watching for new activity, deposit the panfull into the bucket, replace the lid, and hurriedly get back to where the poop eaters are nosing around. Amid all this activity, husband is observing the nature of each greyhound's stool. He looks for loose stool, diarrhea, discoloration, and tapeworms. [Each week a new batch of meat and tripe is delivered to the farm to mix in the feed. One reason we check the stool is to be reassured nothing is wrong with the new batch of meat.] Also, changes in stool might indicate a sickness. Husband dutifully reports back to wife on his findings (sometimes is takes 2 or 3 turnouts before a greyhound with tapeworms is positively identified). The biggest challenge for husband is the "poop-walker". This dog will start at one side of the pen and in the tucked position will walk and do its business all the way across the pen. The problem is finding all the small droppings before the poop eaters beat him. Another challenge is the greyhound that takes it's nose and methodically covers over it's pile with sand, some are quite good at camouflaging their deposits. Another challenge is the greyhound that will stretch and kick with it's back feet, thereby throwing sand over it's renderings. Husband is constantly exploring with the poop rake to find covered poop or small droppings. Ahhh, a skilled person at his profession is one to be revered!
|Keeping order in the turn-out pen
Before we continue, we desire to comment on the following paragraphs. To the unknowing or uninformed, the following paragraphs might tend to convey a somewhat negative impression about the behavior of greyhounds. We desire to make one point clear, and that is, the way greyhounds interact with each other does not reflect how they interact with human beings. Practically every single greyhound will make a lovable, playful, loyal, and unconditionally loving companion for a human being. One should not worry how their pet greyhound will act toward them. Also, for the most part, greyhounds interact with each other and other pets in a favorable manner. However, our story is from the farmer's viewpoint where we have 20 to 30 greyhounds in close proximity of each other in the turn-out pen for a total of 3 to 4 hours each day. We would venture to say that most animal species (including humans beings) will get a little testy when placed in similar circumstances. We also feel that the experiences described below may help with the behavioral understanding of the greyhound, and should benefit the greyhound owner.
The object of keeping order in the turn-out pen is to prevent one of the most dreaded happenings on the farm-- a DOGFIGHT! Now we are not talking about an occasional encounter between two greyhounds that bite or rip for a few seconds and one yields and goes off whining or crying. No, and we are not talking about three greyhounds getting into it for a brief encounter. We are talking about a group DOGFIGHT, where 10 to 20 greyhounds go frantically crazy and try to kill one or two others. It is something that if you have not experienced, believe me, you do not want to experience. Such a dogfight doesn't happen often, but once a person experiences it, that person is constantly on-guard for months and years to prevent it from happening again. It resembles a shark feeding frenzy, truly. Such a happening is usually caused by an interaction between greyhounds. If one greyhound is being muzzled or picked on by another, and if the one greyhound lets out with a high shrill cry, we have seen more than five greyhounds immediately jump to their feet and attack the crying greyhound. [Understand that a greyhound can bite, or nip, through a regular muzzle. If the muzzle stays in place during a fight, then it is unlikely a dog will be killed. But in a bad fight, sometimes a muzzle will come off.] There is something about a painful cry that sets off the "prey drive", and/or killing instinct in a greyhound. Once three or four attack, the majority of the group goes crazy. [Watch human beings at a prizefight when one fighter is just about to knockout the second fighter-- note the animalistic killer instinct in many of the spectators.] Another explosive situation is when two greyhounds simply hate each other and start fighting for the kill-- again the group goes crazy and practically all of the group will attack. We have also seen one greyhound start running around the pen and another greyhound (or two) get excited and attack-- this will set off the group. In addition, anything that causes great excitement (in or out of the pen) will sometimes set off one greyhound to attack another; once it starts then the entire group starts attacking. The worst dogfight we witnessed was at the turn-out pen of a track kennel. About 25 females had been let out and the trainer remained inside getting greyhounds out of the crates. All of a sudden it all broke loose. One female greyhound had gotten her muzzle off and attacked another submissive female; the submissive female cried and screamed. Immediately the entire group attacked the submissive female. Someway, another female greyhound got her muzzle about half off. It took three men to pull female greyhounds off the poor submissive female (who also happened to be good runner). Two men tried to break it up but did not fully succeed until the third man arrived. The female greyhound was not dead, but it did require 137 stitches to sew her up and over a month for her to regain strength. One last thing about a group dogfight-- it is not easy to break up such a frenzy. We have known other breeders and trainers who had to go to the hospital for stitches after breaking up a bad dogfight. We personally have poured buckets of water on the greyhounds, we have literally grabbed greyhounds, one after the other with both hands, and thrown them off as fast as we could, and we have slapped in order to break up the beginning and middle of a dogfight. Afterwards, we have almost collapsed to the floor to recuperate. We have had about four such dogfights in five years. It is a bad, bad happening.
We did not enjoy writing that paragraph, but we feel it is knowledge that an owner should understand. Not that such a fight will likely occur to any adoptive owner, hardly any pet owner will ever be placed in that situation. But we do advise that if the occasion occurs where a greyhound is placed together with a group of others, and if one screams or cries, please be on-guard. We would like to repeat our statement in a previous paragraph--- "the way greyhounds interact with each other does not reflect how they interact with human beings. Practically every single greyhound will make a lovable, playful, loyal, and unconditionally loving companion for a human being. One should not worry how their pet greyhound will act toward them. Also, for the most part, greyhounds interact with each other and other pets in a favorable manner."
Keeping order in the turn-out pen requires us to really know our greyhounds. We do not turn-out certain greyhounds together in the same pen at the same time. We are especially on-guard when new pups are first mixed with older greyhounds. We constantly try to prevent anything that causes great excitement in the turn-out pen. Given certain behavioral characteristics of the greyhounds, we usually know what interactions between greyhounds may cause trouble. We use the water hose to discipline the greyhounds. When interactions begin occurring tha t may cause a high shrill cry, or that may cause greyhounds to start fighting between each other, we simply spray the offending parties with a quick squirt of water from the water hose (we consider this a humane way to quickly discipline a pack of greyhounds without physically hurting them, of course it does hurt their feelings). Now, the reader should not get the impression that time in the turn-out pen is a tense time. Quite the contrary, most of the time is very enjoyable. Husband and wife both spend many, many hours watching, petting, playing with, and talking to the greyhounds. Many times both husband and wife have started laughing hysterically at some of the antics of the greyhounds in the turn-out pen.
At this point, we would like to describe certain personalities and behavioral traits of greyhounds in the turn-out pen. The reader might compare these descriptions to their own observations of greyhounds (and human beings). The descriptions follow.
"The Boss": The Boss is just that, the most dominant one in the litter. He is not necessarily mean and he does not necessarily go around trying to prove he is the Boss. This greyhound usually has a certain presence about him, a certain attitude, a certain body language that lets others know he is the one. This greyhound will interact with others, he will play, wrestle, dig holes, and generally act normal -- until challenged. Then he reacts quickly to let the challenger know he is the Boss. Sometimes a Boss can be a little more aggressive and will seek out other greyhounds to let them know who is the Boss.
"The Challenger": The Challenger is usually a normal greyhound but to some extent is a frustrated Boss. He will sometimes challenge the real Boss of the group. The challenge is usually brief, but depending on the will of the Challenger it can develop into something more serious. Otherwise the Challenger is normal and can exhibit different subsidiary traits.
"Everydog's Friend": Everydog's Friend has a very unique way of interacting with the other greyhounds and hardly ever has a confrontation with another greyhound. "Everydog's Friend" is usually a female and usually loves to run up to another greyhound, assume the front-down position, bounce and bark, and entice the other greyhound into playing. This greyhound can also run into another greyhound, paw another greyhound, or muzzle another greyhound without encountering a snap or growl. We are amazed at the way Everydog's Friend can interact, time after time, without receiving an unfriendly welcome. Also, Everydog's Friend does not discriminate, this greyhound will interact with every greyhound in the pen.
"The Loner": The Loner usually goes to a corner after doing it's business and lays down. This greyhound can be a male or female, and does not want to be disturbed. The Loner is not necessarily a submissive type or a wimp, although it can be. Once we heard a breeder comment this type is usually a stakes race dog; this has not proven to be the case with our dogs. However, we have had several Loners be good running dogs. We have seen Loners stay in the corner for entire turn-outs, time after time. The Loner wants to be left alone by other greyhounds.
"The Normal One": The Normal One is a greyhound that has no single outstanding behavioral characteristic. This greyhound will interact and play with other greyhounds and generally takes part in whatever is happening.
"The Rounder": The Rounder is one of our favorite type greyhounds. This greyhound is not a Boss or a Challenger. The Rounder will always go from one set of greyhounds to another and stick his nose in everyone else's business. If some greyhounds are digging a hole, Rounder has to run over, crowd in, and start digging in the hole. If other greyhounds are chasing a bug, Rounder has to leave the hole and run over and start chasing the bug. If other greyhounds are wrestling or playing, Rounder has to leave the bug and run over, crowd in, and start wrestling or playing. The dangerous part to Rounder is when one greyhound is picking on another-- Rounder has to run over, stick his nose in, and escalate the fracas. If a greyhound feels offended by Rounder's intrusions, and growls or snaps at him, Rounder runs away and sticks his nose in someone else's business. It's amusing sometimes how one greyhound will be so involved in an activity, and how Rounder ends up distracting the one greyhound and taking that activity away. We had a male greyhound onetime that we named Charlie Rounder.
"The Submissive One": The Submissive One is entirely submissive. This greyhound will approach another greyhound, turn its head down to the side and will eventually lay down and roll over in a gesture of submissiveness to the other greyhound. This greyhound is not necessarily a Wimp, depending on the other greyhound. The Submissive One will play and interact with other greyhounds. Remember, greyhounds do not necessarily interact with humans the way they interact with other greyhounds, therefore the Submissive One is not necessarily a greyhound that cowers down to human beings-- the Submissive One may, or may not, react to humans in the same manner as to other greyhounds.
"The Wimp": What can we say, the Wimp is afraid of it's own shadow. It is lowest ranked in the "pecking order". This greyhound may be friendly, but is often the recipient of adverse behavior from a lot of the other greyhounds. The Wimp never fights back. It is sad how others have to pick on the Wimp, never allowing that greyhound to interact for extended periods of time in a positive manner. It is as if the other greyhounds must have someone they look down upon. Sometimes we have to separate the Wimp from the others and place it in a separate pen with Toot-Toot. (Toot is one of our females that couldn't run fast enough to go to the track. Toot is "Everydog's Friend". We also use her to run against young pups-- she loves to run.)
"The Bitch, or Bully": The Bitch or Bully will usually find one greyhound in the group they can pick on and make life miserable. They will snap at this one greyhound unrelentingly. The Bitch or Bully can dish it out, but they cannot take it. They do not interact well with other greyhounds. They are usually very loyal and devoted to their owner and make an excellent one dog pet. But the Bitch or Bully is not one to visit other greyhounds for social play.
In addition to the main personality classifications listed above, greyhounds may exhibit subsidiary traits during turn-out. Some of the most obvious follow.
Crate Openers - These greyhounds will stick their nose through the wire openings of the kennel crate and lift the door latch, thereby opening the crate door.
Diggers - These greyhounds love to dig holes; they will dig for a while, stick their nose down in the hole, lift and throw their head back in a playful gesture, and then dig again like crazy.
Ear Biters - These greyhounds love to run up to another greyhound and nip the other greyhound's ear through their muzzles. Sometimes they bite hard and hang on, causing the other greyhound to yelp and scream.
Enforcer - This greyhound will bark and growl at another greyhound that gets reprimanded by the human overseeing turnout.
Fretters - These greyhounds cannot stand to be confined or crated. They go into nervous fits, slobber, cry, whine, and bark. They usually cannot be changed and do not go the racetrack. It is cruel to crate this type greyhound.
Gate Openers - These greyhounds will take their nose and lift a gate latch, thereby opening the fence gate.
Haters - These greyhounds will pick out another greyhound that may be equal in the "pecking order" and constantly start serious fights with that greyhound. The Hater will constantly try to agitate the other greyhound. If left unchecked, this will lead to a "fight for the kill" between these two greyhounds. The Hater usually gets sprayed from the water hose more than once during turn-out.
Humpers - These male greyhounds will pick out a female greyhound during a turn-out and pester her, trying to perform what comes naturally to male "dogs".
The Marker - A male greyhound that lifts his leg and marks everything, including the poop bucket, the water bucket, the fire hydrant, the door, the walls, the water hose, and husband's leg at times.
Poop Eaters - Self explanatory (and discussed above).
Screamers - These greyhounds scream at the least little thing that happens to them. They are dangerous when in the company of several other greyhounds. Their screams activate the "prey drive killer instinct" in other greyhounds.
Storm Scared - These greyhounds go into nervous tremors when a storm approaches, especially a thunderstorm. They do not want to leave their crates and will crowd into a corner of the turn-out pen and tremble, and refuse to leave the corner.
Trippers - When wrestling or playing, these greyhounds wrap their leg and foot around another greyhound's leg and trip them; it simulates human wrestling.
Turf Protectors - These greyhounds will lay down in one spot and will growl and snap at any other greyhound that comes within a couple feet of their turf.
Other subsidiary traits with respect to human beings follow:
Back Bouncers - They come running from behind at the most unexpected times and jump at your back, causing you to go staggering forward and trying to catch your balance.
Ball Busters - Husband's term for greyhounds that come running from the front.
Belly Rubbers - These greyhounds will put their paws up on the wall next to where you are standing, look at you with begging eyes, and wait for you to rub their bellies.
Nibbler - This greyhound will gently bite or nibble on a human's hand. It is a sign of affection and not to be considered aggressive even through the bites can be a little hard at times.
Cower Down - This greyhound lays down and looks so submissive when a human approaches. This can be a generic trait or a learned trait; it does not necessarily mean the greyhound has been abused.
Crotcher - This long nosed and nudging greyhound can be very bothersome.
Grinners - When a human approaches and talks excitedly, this greyhound will pull up it's lips thereby exposing it's front teeth. This is a friendly gesture and not to be confused with snarling.
Huggers - They slowly stand on their hind legs, slowly paw at your body and work right in, and hug you.
Leaners - They crowd up against you, lean and push against your legs, and look to be petted.
The Mean greyhound - In 5 years, we have had only one greyhound that seriously growled at us (several times) for no reason whatsoever. We think he was mentally affected. Wife did become afraid of this one dog. Husband and wife both felt very sad when husband took him on his last trip to the vet.
Mommy's/ Daddy's Guard Dog - This greyhound will stand next to the human and growl at any other greyhound that approaches.
Spooks - These greyhounds are afraid of humans; they tremble, run away, and look wild-eyed when a human approaches. They usually do not make it at a racetrack. Some spooks will bond with a very patience owner.
Toward the end of turn-out, wife joins husband and greyhounds in the turn-out pen. Practically the whole group of greyhounds run and jump on her. She baby-talks them, pets them, and plays with them. With hands on her hips (like a General surveying the battlefield), she usually points out to husband where he missed scooping. Meanwhile, husband washes the muzzles of the poop eaters and finishes scooping. Wife then steps back inside the kennel room. The greyhounds bunch together around the door. Some like to chase and paw at the broom as husband sweeps the concrete entrance pad. Anticipation builds. The greyhounds watch husband and glance at the door. Tails wag, ears go up, and positioning takes place. Husband then very easily opens the door and lets about half the greyhounds back into the kennel room. They crowd to get through the doorway. Wife crates these greyhounds. Husband then opens the door, steps to the side, and lets the remaining greyhounds into the kennel room. They rush the doorway. Husband helps wife crate the remaining greyhounds.
The scene inside the kennel room as greyhounds are crated after turn-out is very active. Some greyhounds go to their crate location. Some run around the room. Others congregate at the garbage can. We put the greyhounds in their crates in a given order. Male dogs are placed in the lower crates first. Females are then encouraged to jump into the upper crates. We attempt to crate the greyhounds in the same order each time. Many greyhounds know exactly which crate they belong inside, they will go stand by that crate. Others have to read the names above each crate door to find where they belong. A few greyhounds wait until the human calls their name. After the greyhounds are crated, we sweep the floor, doctor any hurt greyhounds, change the water buckets in the pens, and adjust the radio inside the kennel room. We then speak to each greyhound and tell them goodnight, many get petted. We turn out the lights and shut the door as we leave.
"On the Farm" By Shawnie and Sam Burdette, image rendering by Dan Schmidt based on photo of Rascal, Harley and Seamus, placed by Greyhound Placement Service of New Hampshire. These pups appeared in our 1996 Calendar
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